Burkina Faso is a tiny nation in West Africa that has seen an upturn in Islamic violence, where fourteen people were killed by Islamic terrorists recently:
A summit of five nations that have joined forces to fight jihadism in the Sahel got under way on Tuesday, a day after another terror attack in the region claimed 14 lives.
Leaders of the G5 Sahel – Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger – gathered in the Burkinabe capital of Ouagadougou.
Their one-day meeting aims to beef up co-ordination in the war on jihadists who have killed hundreds of civilians and inflicted crippling economic damage.
On the eve of the summit, 14 civilians were killed by insurgents in a predawn attack at Kain in northern Burkina Faso near the Mali border, the military said. It said it carried out retaliatory air strikes and land operations in three northern provinces, “neutralising” 146 fighters, a claim that could not be independently confirmed.
“Burkina Faso, the host of this summit, which used to be among the most peaceful countries in the world … is today the victim of attacks by terrorists with regressive aims,” said former Burundian president Pierre Buyoya, the AU’s representative at the summit.
“The African Union expresses its solidarity and compassion for the Burkinabe government and people and urges them to mobilise to stand together against the destabilising actions of the terrorist groups. It encourages them to close off any gaps in which the enemy can flourish.”
Tight security was in place on Tuesday. A key highway linking the airport and the conference venue was closed off to traffic not involved in the summit. Troops were deployed at regular intervals.
The Islamist revolt in the Sahel took off after chaos engulfed Libya in 2011. Jihadist attacks erupted in northern Mali as Boko Haram arose in northern Nigeria.
As the toll spiked, a French-backed scheme was launched in 2015 with the goal of deploying a 5,000-man joint force among five nations in the front line.
But lack of funding and training, as well as poor equipment, have greatly undermined the initiative, and last June the force’s headquarters in Mali were hit in a devastating suicide attack claimed by an al-Qaeda-linked group.
The G5’s problems have given rise to long periods of apparent inactivity, although on Sunday, its commander Gen Hanena Ould Sidi, a Mauritanian, said the force had carried out three operations since January 15. He gave no further details.
The attacks in Burkina Faso began in the country’s north in 2015 but then spread to the east. Nearly 300 people have been killed, according to an AFP toll.
The capital, Ouagadougou, has been hit three times, most recently in March 2018, and almost 60 people have died here.
Last month, President Roch Marc Christian Kabore carried out a major reshuffle of the country’s security apparatus, sacking the chief of the armed forces and replaced the ministers for defence and security.
At the end of February, Burkina Faso will host the Panafrican Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou, one of the biggest African film festivals, which is celebrating its 50th anniversary. (source, source)
This is very interesting in light of the situation in Burkina Faso, which stands at a potential historical crossroads as major reports suggest that she and her neighboring countries could become another “oil sands” larger than those of Baku. In addition, she also sits close to the trans-Mediterranean pipeline that goes from the southernmost point of Nigeria, a historical Chinese and Russian ally, across the Sahara to France. Given the increased demand for oil in Europe that has become a part of a modern day “Scramble for Africa,”
One must watch the terrorist attacks in this nation and expect for them to increase because given her location, potential for economic development in oil, and that the US uses terrorism as a tool of public policy, terrorism is naturally going to increase in the area. While Islam will certainly be inseparable from it, one must also remember to look at the political actors involved as the latter will be the force driving the former’s actions.